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Coffee beans are the seeds of a shrub called cherry coffee. This tree measures up to 6 meters and the coffee tree begins to bear fruit between 3 and 5 years. Its production is around 2 kilos per coffee tree per year over a period that can span 30 to 50 years. Many people are surprised to see a field of coffee because the beans are brown and don't smell like coffee at all. Mature coffee beans have a beautiful red colour, sweet taste and smell. The best coffee bean is are harvested by hand when the red is more intense, which makes the Colombian coffee one of the most sought after in the world. In many other regions that produce coffee wholesale, the coffee beans are harvested by machines, so that the grains are mixed red and green. This makes a big difference in the quality of the final product. 

Coffee Beans

After a careful selection of grains, the last and perhaps most important process occur: the toast. Although the type of bean determines the taste of coffee, and how much time they are roasting coffee also directly affects the flavour. When roasted, the beans grow to twice its size and turn brown. As you can imagine, the longer you roast the coffee, the darker it becomes. Coffee beans are roasted between 10 and 20 minutes at temperatures from 200 to 220‘C. When the oven reaches 200 degrees, the beans are cracked. When you roast for the second time, remove from oven and cool immediately.

Roasting Coffee Beans

The roasting process causes the oils to rise to the surface. This is known as pyrolysis. The more toasted the grains are, the coffee have less caffeine and acidity, so that, contrary to popular belief, the darker the coffee beans, they actually have lesser caffeine. However, note that the amount of caffeine depends on the way coffee is made: If you use a lot of coffee with a little water, you get a strong coffee with more caffeine. A highly roasted coffee may mask the lower quality coffee. It is therefore logical that the best roasted coffee beans have light colour. These grains also are better preserved because they lose less oil when roasted for a shorter time.

Buy Coffee Beans Direct

You can buy your coffee beans direct from Discount Office where there is a vast selection of beans from around the world.

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